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Glossary of Terms

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Terms on this page

Print this definitionVision Therapy

Vision Therapy involves the use of lenses, prisms and activities to improve visual efficiency and Visual Processing skills including eye teaming, focus and visualisation skills.

Vision Therapy is also prescribed to enhance and improve awareness/ability of both Visual Efficiency and Visual Processing skills.
Most Learning Difficulty children have both a Visual Efficiency and Visual Processing issue, in isolation treatment of one condition is not always successful.

The treatment involves a complete initial optometric assessment to evaluate an individual's vision and ocular health status. Following this, if recommended, further assessment to ascertain whether Vision Therapy may be beneficial is conducted.
Vision Therapy, the optometric modality of developing and enhancing visual abilities and remediating vision dysfunction, has a firm foundation in vision science.
At Vision West, following initial optometric assessment, if Vision Therapy is deemed suitable, then a customised one-on-one program is designed for the patient.

This Vision Therapy program typically involves attending on a weekly basis for approximately forty five minutes with our Accredited ACBO Vision Therapist for in-office sessions. These are combined with home based activities that are done for twenty minutes per day.
The aim of the Vision Therapy program is to enhance both the visual efficiency skills such as focusing and eye movements/eye teaming/binocular vision as well as the ability to accurately and rapidly process visual information and retain this information in one's visual memory for later correct recall.

The Vision Therapy program will usually span over a three to four month period.

Print this definitionVisual Efficiency

Refers to the ability and stamina of the visual system regarding focus, eye movements and binocular vision levels. In cases of reduced visual efficiency the result may be headaches, sore eyes, blurred vision or difficulty in concentrating. Best treated using therapeutic spectacles, and in some cases, enhanced using Vision Therapy.

Print this definitionVisual Information Processing

The ability to process incoming visual information. This refers to a person's ability to give meaning to what is being seen, such as comprehending what is being read from the page, or what is occurring around us in one's environment.

Reduced visual perceptual skills can affect learning in terms of visual memory, visual recall and visual attention.

Visual Information Processing skills can be enhanced by the use of Vision Therapy.

Print this definitionVisual Perception

Also known as Visual Information Processing, is the ability to give meaning to what is being seen. Good visual perception means being able to quickly and accurately process and analyse what is being seen, and store it in visual memory for later recall. This is important in being able to decide what appropriate action is required to interact with the environment and circumstances to which an individual is exposed. For example, in the classroom when reading and writing it is important to be able to quickly and accurately decode, comprehend and remember written material whilst still being able to listen to the teacher.

Individuals with reduced visual information processing ability often require Vision Therapy to improve visual perceptual skills, i.e. the ability to rapidly and accurately process visual information received with each eye movement, and to then store this information in correct sequence for later accurate recall.


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Word of the Moment

Therapeutic Spectacles
The use of spectacles to improve binocular vision stamina and accuracy, rather than being compensating lenses which are used to correct blur. more